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The Peru-Chile maritime conflict

June 19, 2007

Peru’s Congress voted unanimously (98-0) November 3 to define the country’s southern maritime border with Chile. Peru says that both countries have not demarcated the maritime border, while Chile claims the contrary.

The maritime area in dispute, which totals 37,900 sq km, does not extend 200 miles from Peru’s southern coastline. In its extreme points, the maritime border claimed by Chile would force Peru to accept only 20 miles of territorial waters.

A Peruvian diplomat said: “Peru is a different case than Bolivia, which became landlocked as a result of the War of the Pacific (1879-84),” he said. “Peru is not landlocked and we are debating our maritime border with Chile.”

While some Peruvian and Chilean officials have played down the countries’ maritime border differences, some analysts in Chile are questioning whether Peru is a reliable future gas supplier.

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4 Comments leave one →
  1. Javier permalink
    March 25, 2009 4:51 pm

    It is not possible to find a right solution to this maritime dispute ignoring Bolivia. Chile has landlocked Bolivia and carry on and want to continous with Peru now. Chile is a dagerous country for Sud America.

    • Enrique Tessieri permalink*
      March 25, 2009 6:40 pm

      Hola Javier, you are right and I hope Bolivia does find a solution to its landlocked situation. It is kind of odd, however, that the closest Bolivia got to getting an outlet to the Pacific Ocean was when Augusto Pinochet and Hugo Banzer were in power. Do you think that was Bolivia’s last chance?

  2. my opinion permalink
    June 16, 2009 12:48 am

    Did USA return the territories that took in the war with Mexico? Wars are cruel and Chile paid with lives for that territory in a war against two countries, Peru and Bolivia.
    Chile is no more dangerous than any other of its neighbors, with their desires of revenge for a war they lost more than a hundred years ago, that’s the bottom line.

    • Enrique Tessieri permalink*
      June 16, 2009 7:32 am

      Hola my opinion, wars are cruel. However, they do not resolve geopolitical problems. It is pretty incredible that Chile, Bolivia and Peru still have geopolitical issues well over a century when the War of the Pacific ended. The outlet to the Pacific must be solved for Bolivia as the maritime border between Peru and Chile. I do not understand why Chile’s armed forces have some of the most modern weaponry in the region. Is this more like a “present” from the democratic government to the military, which ruled Chile too long?

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