The Peru-Chile maritime conflict
Peru’s Congress voted unanimously (98-0) November 3 to define the country’s southern maritime border with Chile. Peru says that both countries have not demarcated the maritime border, while Chile claims the contrary.
The maritime area in dispute, which totals 37,900 sq km, does not extend 200 miles from Peru’s southern coastline. In its extreme points, the maritime border claimed by Chile would force Peru to accept only 20 miles of territorial waters.
A Peruvian diplomat said: “Peru is a different case than Bolivia, which became landlocked as a result of the War of the Pacific (1879-84),” he said. “Peru is not landlocked and we are debating our maritime border with Chile.”
While some Peruvian and Chilean officials have played down the countries’ maritime border differences, some analysts in Chile are questioning whether Peru is a reliable future gas supplier.